Globally, ovarian cysts are a common cause of hospitalisations and surgical procedures among women. According to statistical data, 8-18 percent of both premenopausal and postmenopausal women across the world have ovarian cysts and the majority of post-menopausal cysts persist for years.
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The ovaries, which are located in the lower abdomen on both sides of the uterus, are integral parts of the female reproductive system. Females have two ovaries that produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone as well as eggs.
At times, a fluid-filled sac known as a cyst gets developed on one of the female ovaries. The majority of women develop at least one cyst during the lifetimes, many of which demonstrate no symptoms and are painless. It is important to note that these cysts are common in girls and women with regular periods. However, immediate medical intervention is highly recommended if the cysts turn large. Less common after menopause, ovarian cysts when experienced by postmenopausal women are risky as they may indicate ovarian cancer.
Functional ovarian cysts
Functional ovarian cysts form in a small majority of women of childbearing age when there is a functional fault with ovulation.
These may further be of two types:
Also known as benign mature cystic teratomas, Dermoid cysts generally occur in younger women. These cysts include odd contents such as parts of teeth, hair removal, parts of bone, etc. and grow quite large. This health condition usually runs in families.
These cysts are usually attached to the female ovary by a stalk instead of growing within the ovary itself. Cystadenomas are generally benign but some may turn cancerous.
The primary causes of ovarian cysts include:
Generally, ovarian cysts don't demonstrate any symptoms. However, symptoms may start showing up as there is a growth in the cysts.
The symptoms of ovarian cysts may include:
In rare cases, females may experience rapid breathing, dizziness, faintness, fever, or severe pelvic pain when they have ovarian cysts.
If you have experienced any symptoms of ovarian cysts, it is suggested that you must have a word with your doctor immediately. The doctor would perform a pelvic examination to look out for possible signs of swelling of a cyst on the ovary. In case a cyst is found, the doctor may recommend some medical tests such as:
The doctor may recommend specific treatments for removing or shrinking the cyst if it does not subside on its own or if it grows larger.
If you are looking for the best ovarian cyst treatment, it is best for you to select a reputed clinic like Kalosa.
Kalosa is a leading clinic for the treatment of ovarian cysts through advanced techniques in the hands of experts like Dr. Deepti Asthana. She is well trained and experienced in laparoscopic surgeries, so all possible cases are dealt with minimum invasive methods. She is associated with corporate hospital, at present with Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon and prefers doing her surgeries there due to the multidisciplinary team of professionals and world class infrastructure.